Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. His father was a duke who supported the Revolution of 1789 but was nevertheless guillotined during the Reign of Terror. Louis Philippe fled France as a young man and spent 21 years in exile. He was proclaimed king in 1830 after Charles X was forced to abdicate. Louis Philippe himself was forced to abdicate in 1848 and lived out his life in exile in the United Kingdom. Before he fled France in 1793, he led troops in the early battles of the French Revolutionary Wars as the Duke of Chartres; therefore CHARTRES is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, the first name in Column 1.